On Sunday October 17, 2010 Pope Benedict XVI formally declared Brother André of the Congregation of the Holy Cross to be a saint.

St. Andre BessetteDifficult early years

He was born Alfred Bessette into a large Catholic family in a small Quebec village. As a child he was frequently sick and rarely attended school.

After André was orphaned at a young age, he went to live with his aunt’s family. At the age of 18 years, he moved to the United States where he worked as a laborer in factories and on farms.

In 1867 Alfred returned to Canada and settled in the village of Sainte Cesaire. He helped Father Provencal with chores around the church and spent many hours praying before the statue of Saint Joseph.

In 1870 Father Provencal asked Alfred to consider religious life within the Congregation of the Holy Cross. Despite misgivings over his unworthiness, Alfred reluctantly agreed.

In his letter to the superior of the Congregation, Father Provencal wrote: “I am sending you a saint.”

Beginning of Alfred’s vocation

Toward the end of his novitiate year, Alfred applied for temporary vows. His application was refused on the basis of his frail health. A few weeks later the Bishop of Montreal was visiting. Alfred begged him to intercede. As a result Alfred became Brother André of the Holy Cross.

The superior of novices wrote: “If this young man becomes incapable of working, at least he will know how to pray very well.”

Working as a porter at the College of Notre-Dame du Sacre Coeur

He lived in a small room near the main college entrance. His job was to clean and wash floors and windows, bring in firewood, collect the mail and attend to the door.

Here he was able to counsel visitors to pray with confidence and perseverance, while remaining open to God’s will. At times he was seen weeping with his visitors. When many of these visitors were healed, large crowds came seeking his prayers and healing.


Because of the sick and troubled people that came to see him, some of the teachers and members of his Congregation thought he was a threat to the school’s reputation and the health of the students. The school physician, Dr. Charette, called him Brother Greaser because of the St. Joseph oil that he applied on the sick while praying with them.

When the doctor’s wife fell ill and they were unable to stop her bleeding, she begged her husband to have Brother André visit and pray for her. As a result she was miraculously cured and Dr. Charette became one of his strongest supporters.

First shrine to St. Joseph that would become the Oratory

In 1900 Brother André received permission to build a chapel to St. Joseph. A small room was attached to the chapel. Here he would live and receive the sick and troubled. At night he would visit the sick in their homes.

In 1914 construction was begun on a larger Saint Joseph’s Oratory… a crypt church seating 1,000 people. By the 1920s the Oratory had over 1 million visitors and hundreds of cures were attributed to Brother André’s prayers.

He died in Montreal on January 6, 1937 without seeing the completion of St. Joseph’s Oratory in Montreal.

The words pauper, servus et umilis (meaning poor, servant and humble) appear above his tomb in the Oratory.

Taken from an article in Catholic Insight by Rev. Thomas Rosica, C.S.B.

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